foundation system of burj al arab

Factors Considered to Calculate Depth of Foundation

Foundation is the part of structure below plinth level up to the soil. It is in direct contact of soil and transmits load of super structure to soil. Generally it is below the ground level. If some part of foundation is above ground level, it is also covered with earth filling. This portion of structure is not in contact of air, light etc, or to say that it is the hidden part of the structure.

Depth of foundation depends on following factors:


1. Availability of adequate bearing capacity



2. Depth of shrinkage and swelling in case of clayey soils, due to seasonal changes which may cause appreciable movements.

Shore protection to provide safety against excavation cut of near by foundations of buiiding
Shore protection to provide safety against excavation cut of near by foundations of buiiding
3. Depth of frost penetration in case of fine sand and silt.


4. Possibility of excavation close by


5. Depth of ground water table


6. Practical minimum depth of foundation should not be less than 50 cm. to allow removal of top soil and variations in ground level.

7. Hence the best recommended depth of foundation is from 1.00 meter to 1.5 meter from original ground level.

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