foundation system of burj al arab

FEMA 356: Earthquake Hazard Due to Ground Shaking

The seismic hazard due to ground shaking shall be defined for any Earthquake Hazard Level using approved spectral response acceleration contour maps of 5%-damped response spectrum ordinates for shortperiod (0.2 second) and long-period (1 second) response. The short-period response acceleration parameter, SS, and the long-period response acceleration parameter, S1, shall be determined as follows:

1. If the desired Earthquake Hazard Level corresponds with one of the mapped Earthquake Hazard Levels, obtain spectral response acceleration parameters directly from the maps. Values between contour lines shall be interpolated. 

2. If the desired Earthquake Hazard Level does not correspond with the mapped levels of hazard, then obtain the spectral response acceleration parameters from the available maps, and modify them to the desired hazard level, either by logarithmic interpolation or extrapolation.

Response Spectrum of earthquake3. Obtain design spectral response acceleration parameters by adjusting the mapped or modified spectral response acceleration parameters for site class effects.

4. If the desired Earthquake Hazard Level is the Basic Safety Earthquake 2 (BSE-2), obtain spectral response acceleration parameters.

5. If the desired Earthquake Hazard Level is the Basic Safety Earthquake 1 (BSE-1), obtain the spectral response acceleration.

6. Using the design spectral response acceleration parameters that have been adjusted for site class effects, develop the general response spectrum.

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