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India Have Got Third Position in Dam Building

Before independence i.e. 1947, there were fewer than 300 large dams in India and by the year 2000 the number had grown to over 4000, more than half of them built between 1971 and 1989. India is declared to be the third in the world in dam building, after US and China. 

Dams in India have been built across many perennial rivers. These dams are a part of the several multi-purpose projects launched by India to serve a variety of needs. In a multi-purpose project, a river forms a unit and a river valley is developed, by exploiting all the resources of the river. 
Durgapur Barrage across the Damodar River at Durgapur in Bardhaman  district  in  the 
Indian state of West Bengal.
Durgapur Barrage across the Damodar River at Durgapur in Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.
Dams are built to harness the river water so that it can be utilised according to  needs. A multipurpose project is launched often for storing water for irrigation purposes, generating hydro-electricity by utilising the water stored by the dams, preventing floods and facilitating afforestation in the catchment areas of the reservoirs. However, the dams also provide drinking water, using the canals for navigation in some areas and also facilitating pisciculture and recreational activities. The main multipurpose projects constituting the major Indian dams are the Hirakud Project in Orissa, the Bhakra Nangal inPunjab, the Damodar Valley Project in Bihar and Bengal, the Tungabhadra Project in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the Rihand Project in Uttar Pradesh.
Hirakud Dam across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Orissa in India.
Hirakud Dam across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Orissa in India.  
Some of the Indian dams were built primarily for flood control, water supply, and hydroelectric power generation, the primary purpose of most Indian dams (96 percent) remains irrigation. In fact, large dam construction in India has been the main form of investment in irrigation undertaken by the Indian government. But, starting in the 1980s, public investment in large dams in India has been the subject of a sustained controversy that was epitomized by the Sardar Sarovar Project, based on the balance between the social, environmental, and economic costs of dams and their benefits. 
Bhakra Nangal Dam is situated across the river Sutlej that falls under the region of Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh
Bhakra Nangal Dam is situated across the river Sutlej that falls under the region of Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh
Tourist Spot near Dams is very much popular and good sources for attracting tourists. There are all the states in India where dams have been established but Karnataka is very rich in having most of dams and Reservoirs. Dams in Karnataka is very popular serving the purpose of people of Karnataka and Bangalore. Karnataka is much enriched in terms Dams in South India.

1. Almatti Dam
2. Gajanur Dam
3. Gundal Reservoir
4. Harangi Dam
5. Hidkal Dam
6. Kadra Dam
7. Kanakanala Dam
8. Kanva reservoir
9. Kodasalli Dam
10. Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
11. Lakkavalli Dam
12. Linganamakki Dam
13. Marconahally Dam
14. Mari Kanive Dam
15. Narihalla Dam
16. Nugu Reservoir
17. Sathanur Dam
18. Supa Dam
19. Suvarnavathi Reservoir
20. Thippagondanahalli Reservoir
21. Tunga Anicut Dam
22. Tungabhadra Dam
23. Vani Vilas Sagar Reservoir

1 comment:

  1. You have written a very good article on dam.

    ReplyDelete

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