We have already have idea about modulus of subgrade reaction and evaluation factor

*. This terms are important in this post. Now we will go to the right point.***foundation stiffness**
How is flexible footing designed?

In this post we have only idea about this design procedure. Here our concern is how we can simplify this procedure from its complex form. The method a

*designer is used is “beam on elastic footing” method. The solution may either from a raft or isolated footing. It is impractical to use shear reinforcement in foundation design and the design thickness is derived from allowable punching shear or wide beam shear. As a solution method either computer methods or closed-form method of solution provided by Hetenyi(1946) is adopted.***foundation**
Rather than solving footing for moment and shear assuming a beam that are supported by subgrade reaction a simplified form of analysis can be used. Now the conditions when we can simplify this solution. The simplified form offers:

a. A linear variation of contact pressure

b. Maximum contact pressure developed under columns

c. Minimum contact pressure developed at center of each bay.

Now we have to know the conditions which offer such simplification:

1. At least three bay should have in foundation system

2. A variation in column loads with adjacent one must be less than 20%

3. A variation in span length from the adjacent must be less than 20%

4. This condition involves evaluation factor foundation stiffness, λ. A limitation of 1.75/ λ to 3.5/ λ have to establish while checking average of the adjacent spans i.e. we have to establish such adjacent span that satisfy the above limit.

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